Blood Gas Mnemonics

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High Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis C Carbon Monoxide, Cyanide A Alcohol, Alcoholic Ketoacidosis T Toluene M Metformin, Methanol U Uraemia D Diabetic Ketoacidosis P Paraldehyde, Phenformin, Paracetamol, Propylene glycol I Iron, Isoniazid L Lactic acidosis (any cause) E Ethylene glycol S Salicylates Causes of Lactic Acidosis Type A: Imbalanced oxygen supply and demand Type B: Metabolic derangements Carbon monoxide Shock […]

Locked Jaw

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Key Points Adequate procedural sedation Protect your thumbs Firm downward and posterior pressure Post procedure care and advice. Management Ensure no contraindications to procedural sedation Ensure no temporomandibular pathology Ensure airway competent senior is available to manage airway Procedural sedation Ketamine 0.5mg/kg Midazolam 1mg Fentanyl 50microg Pad thumbs and place over lower molars, grasp mandible with fingers in a reverse […]